Overhead Crane

What is Overhead Cranes?

The overhead crane is widely used in industrial manufacturing factories, steel production plants, workshops, hydroelectric power stations, dams, warehouses, gardens, etc. It is a lifting and transporting machine used to lift materials in places.

The two ends of the overhead cranes are named as overhead cranes because they are placed on long concrete columns or metal supports. The variety of lifting capacities is used in both indoor and outdoor areas of industrial facilities, as they are suitable for working in many areas.

Transcendent crane; It offers economical solutions in automated, custom manufacturing and process type overhead crane applications as well as in standard capacity overhead crane manufacturing. All design, project, production and after-sales services of overhead cranes belong to our company.

Overhead Crane

Overhead Cranes Turkey

Overhead cranes are vehicles that can lift loads of tons in large areas. It enables the products to be moved easily under a fixed mechanism. They are also called overhead cranes.

How is Overhead Crane Made?

The construction of overhead cranes starts with the general view drawings to be made in line with the project, dimensions and user demands of the facility where the crane will be used.

The overhead crane (overhead crane) is designed and manufactured in such a way that steel construction bridges have a deflection rate of L/1000. FEM/ISO values ​​are determined in line with the working conditions of the company requesting the crane, and the designs are manufactured accordingly.

As a result of user demands, project and measurement information and measurements made by Aşan Vinc expertise, the overhead crane is manufactured and assembled by the expert technical team.

Aşan Vinc carries out its designs with its experienced engineer staff consisting of R&D and project engineers. In addition to using standard equipment in our designs, we can also make special designs for our customers.

Overhead Crane Lifting Capacities

The standard lifting capacities of our double girder overhead cranes are between 1 ton and 80 tons, and the standard lifting capacities of our single girder overhead cranes are between 1 ton and 32 tons. It is produced as single speed, double speed or stepless speed.

More than one lifting group can be used on the same crane bridge, as well as solutions with fixed auxiliary lifting groups on the main lifting group.

The overhead crane, which is produced with rope hoist groups as standard, is also produced with chain hoist groups according to customer demands.

In cranes with standard tonnage, our crane bridge beams are manufactured from box type construction, and in lower tonnage cranes, crane bridge beams are produced from standard profiles.

Overhead Crane Design

Designing an overhead crane involves several considerations. Here are some key steps you can follow:

1. Determine the requirements: Understand the purpose and capacity of the crane, such as the maximum weight it needs to lift, the distance it should cover, and the environment in which it will operate.

2. Calculate load factors: Determine the weight of the heaviest load to be lifted, including any potential future loads, and calculate the load factors to ensure the crane can handle the maximum expected load.

3. Select the crane type: Choose the appropriate type of overhead crane based on your requirements, such as single girder, double girder, or gantry crane.

4. Determine the span and runway length: Measure the distance between the supporting structures (runway beams) and determine the required span and runway length for your crane.

5. Select the hoist and trolley: Choose a suitable hoist and trolley system based on the load capacity, lifting speed, and precision required.

6. Calculate structural requirements: Consider the structural aspects of the crane, such as the material and dimensions of the crane beams, columns, and runway beams. Ensure they can support the anticipated load and meet safety standards.

7. Safety features: Incorporate safety features like limit switches, overload protection, emergency stop buttons, and proper electrical controls to ensure safe operation.

8. Electrical and control system: Design the electrical and control system to enable smooth and precise movement of the crane. This includes selecting motor types, control panels, and wiring.

9. Consultation and compliance: Consult with Asan Cranes, structural engineers, and relevant authorities to ensure compliance with safety standards and regulations.

10. Fabrication and installation: Once the design is finalized, the crane components can be fabricated and assembled, followed by professional installation and thorough testing.

It's important to note that designing an overhead crane requires engineering expertise and compliance with local regulations. Consider consulting with professionals or specialized companies to ensure a safe and efficient design.

Overhead Crane (Ceiling Crane) Types

Overhead cranes are divided into double girder and single girder. It differs in the variety of lifting capacities. Double girder overhead crane is preferred in facilities with long bridge axle spans, and single girder overhead cranes are preferred in facilities with short spans. In addition, we also manufacture cantilever type overhead cranes that provide space advantage.

In line with the demands of the overhead crane users; It can be produced in 3 axis, 6 directions and desired lifting heights, speed step settings or stepless.

With the development of technology, the overhead crane can be remotely controlled. These cranes, which are made of all steel material, have a very high load carrying and moving capacity.

It also contributes to the professional working environment brought about by being remotely controllable. Thanks to the sudden braking system, the stopping feature also reveals its functional structure and safety.

What is Guse?

Guse; It can also be called a short console. It is generally designed to carry the rails on which the cranes move in industrial structures (factories, production facilities, etc.). It is used in structures where the load is high. It is the support made to the places where one beam meets the other beam.

When there is not enough space for the crane to operate between the Guse and the roof truss, a single girder overhead crane is preferred with its appropriate design feature. In addition, our bottom suspended type single girder overhead cranes move at the bottom of the crane walkway, occupying less space in the field and are offered as a more economical solution for situations where more lifting height is required.

The lifting capacity of double girder overhead crane is between 1 ton and 80 tons. The lifting capacity of single girder overhead crane is between 1 ton and 32 tons.

Control type of our cranes is pendant button-controlled and remote-controlled as standard, and is also offered as cabin-controlled upon request.

Overhead Crane Installation

Installing an overhead crane typically involves several steps. Here's a general outline of the process:

1. Assess the requirements: Determine the lifting capacity, span, and height needed for your overhead crane. Consider factors such as the building structure, load capacity, and any special features required.

2. Engage professionals: It's crucial to involve professionals, such as structural engineers or Asan Cranes, who can assess the site, provide expert advice, and design a crane system that meets your needs.

3. Obtain necessary permits: Check local regulations and obtain any required permits or approvals for the crane installation. Compliance with safety standards and building codes is essential.

4. Prepare the site: Clear the area where the crane will be installed, ensuring there's sufficient space for the crane's movement and operation. Verify that the floor is level, stable, and capable of supporting the crane's weight.

5. Install supporting structure: Erect the structural components necessary to support the crane, such as runway beams, columns, and brackets. Ensure proper alignment and secure the structures according to engineering specifications.

6. Assemble the crane: Follow the manufacturer's instructions to assemble the crane components. This typically involves attaching the main girder, trolley, hoist, and other relevant parts. Use appropriate tools and equipment to ensure proper installation.

7. Electrical and mechanical connections: Connect the electrical wiring and controls required for the crane's operation. Coordinate with qualified electricians to ensure safe electrical connections. Install any mechanical components needed for functionality, such as limit switches or anti-collision devices.

8. Perform load testing and inspections: Once the crane is assembled, conduct load testing to ensure it operates smoothly and safely. Perform thorough inspections to check for any defects or issues that need to be addressed before the crane is put into service.

9. Training and certification: Train personnel who will operate the crane, ensuring they understand its controls, safety features, and operating procedures. Obtain any required certifications or licenses for crane operators, if applicable.

It's important to note that installing an overhead crane is a complex task that requires expertise and adherence to safety standards. Therefore, it's recommended to consult with professionals or Asan Cranes who can guide you through the installation process.

Types of Overhead Cranes

  1. Single Girder Overhead Crane
  2. Double Girder Overhead Crane
  3. Cantilever Type Overhead Crane

1. Single Girder Overhead Crane

Single girder overhead crane; standard lifting capacities are between 1 ton and 32 tons. It is produced as single speed, double speed or stepless speed at desired lifting heights in accordance with FEM, DIN and TSE / EN norms.

Single Girder Overhead Crane

It is preferred in facilities where bridge axle spans are not long. When there is not enough space for the crane to operate between the guse and the roof truss, you can choose a single girder overhead crane.

Monorail Crane

Single girder overhead crane is also called monorail crane. More than one lifting group can be used on the same crane bridge, as well as solutions with fixed auxiliary lifting groups on the main lifting group. Monorail cranes, which are produced with rope hoists as standard, are also produced with chain hoists.

Features of Single Girder Overhead Crane (Monorail Crane)

  • Standard lifting capacity is between 1 ton and 32 tons
  • It is preferred in facilities where bridge axle spans are not long.
  • It can be used in both indoor and outdoor areas of industrial facilities.
  • Suitable for under hook equipment use
  • Lighter structural weight than double girder overhead cranes
  • Loadcells are used for overload protection.
  • It offers light, economical and reliable solutions for transport and stacking.

Single Girder Overhead Crane Control System

Single girder overhead crane is provided with standard wired control and radio frequency remote control technology.

2. Double Girder Overhead Crane

Standard lifting capacities of double girder overhead crane are between 1 ton and 80 tons. It is produced in accordance with FEM, DIN and TSE/EN norms.

Double Girder Overhead Crane

You can choose double girder overhead cranes in facilities where bridge axle spans are long. More than one lifting group can be used on the same crane bridge, as well as solutions with fixed auxiliary lifting groups on the main lifting group.

The maintenance platform, which provides ease of maintenance and installation on the crane bridge, is available in all our double girder overhead cranes.

Features of Double Girder Gantry Crane

  • Standard lifting capacity is between 1 ton and 80 tons
  • It is especially suitable for facilities where bridge axle spans are long
  • Suitable for under hook equipment use
  • Under-hook equipment can be designed by us in accordance with your process
  • Loadcell is used for overload protection
  • Ease of maintenance and assembly on the crane bridge
  • Provides greater lifting height and capacity than overhead cranes.

3. Cantilever Type Overhead Crane

Cantilever cranes provide an advantage in terms of their usage areas. Since the walking paths are one-sided, it does not occupy space on the other side, and therefore it can take advantage of the ground. Cantilever cranes generally operate below overhead cranes.

Aşan Vinc manufactures long-lasting cranes that comply with the necessary norms and standards with a high working class, using the production technologies followed by the world within the industrial type cantilever crane systems. Machinery manufacturing, mold, metal, marble, chemistry, energy, construction, casting, rolling mill, shipyard etc. Cantilever cranes are used in many areas.

We design, manufacture and provide service at every stage of production, from the smallest part of the systems we produce to the final product. Cantilever type overhead cranes are just one of Aşan Vinc's professional fields.

By determining the working conditions of the company requesting a cantilever crane, the necessary FEM/ISO values ​​are found and our crane designs are made accordingly. Bridge walking group can be manufactured as double beam and single beam (monorail). Wired control is standard in our systems, and we also have a radio frequency remote control system. All systems are equipped with limit switch, overload sensor, light and audible warning as standard.

Overhead Crane Maintenance

Performing regular maintenance is essential to ensure the safe and reliable operation of overhead cranes. Here are some steps you can follow to conduct maintenance for overhead cranes:

1. Create a Maintenance Schedule: Develop a maintenance schedule that outlines the frequency and tasks to be performed. This schedule should include routine inspections, lubrication, and periodic maintenance activities.

2. Visual Inspections: Conduct visual inspections regularly to identify any visible signs of wear, damage, or abnormalities. Check for loose bolts, damaged wires or cables, worn-out components, or any other potential issues.

3. Lubrication: Apply appropriate lubricants to moving parts of the crane, such as bearings, gears, and chains, as specified by the manufacturer. Lubrication helps reduce friction and prevent premature wear and tear.

4. Electrical System Checks: Inspect the electrical system of the crane, including control panels, wiring, and connections, to ensure they are in good condition. Check for any loose connections or signs of overheating.

5. Load Testing: Periodically conduct load testing to verify the crane's capacity and performance. This involves applying a known load to the crane and assessing its response and stability.

6. Safety Device Checks: Test and calibrate safety devices such as limit switches, emergency stop buttons, and overload protection systems to ensure they are functioning correctly.

7. Rope and Cable Inspection: Inspect wire ropes or cables for signs of wear, damage, or broken strands. Replace any damaged or worn-out ropes to prevent accidents or failures.

8. Documentation: Maintain detailed records of maintenance activities, inspections, repairs, and any modifications made to the crane. This documentation helps track maintenance history and aids in future troubleshooting.

9. Training and Expertise: Ensure that maintenance personnel are trained in the proper maintenance procedures for overhead cranes. If necessary, consult with Asan Cranes or authorized service providers for specialized maintenance or repairs.

10. Compliance with Standards: Follow applicable safety standards, regulations, and guidelines specific to your industry or region when performing maintenance tasks on overhead cranes.

It's important to note that maintenance requirements may vary depending on the type and model of the overhead crane. Always refer to the manufacturer's maintenance manual and guidelines specific to your crane for detailed instructions and recommended maintenance procedures.

Where is Bridge Crane Used?

Double and single girder overhead cranes, which can be used in all industrial production facilities, can also be used in iron and steel facilities, foundries, steel mills, shipyards, mines, ports and railways.

Today, with the developing technology, the use of cranes in sterile areas has become widespread. We also manufacture overhead cranes with stainless and aluminum body options in areas such as the pharmaceutical industry, food production facilities, and meat integrated facilities.

  • Iron and Steel Facilities
  • Foundries
  • Steelworks
  • Shipyards
  • Mines
  • Ports
  • Railways
  • Food Production Facilities

Overhead Crane Cost, Prices, Turkey

Overhead crane prices differ in terms of the variety of lifting capacities. Axle clearance, lifting capacity and lifting height are the main features that determine the cost of overhead cranes. To find out the prices of our overhead cranes, you can contact Aşan Vinç by clicking the "Get Offer", "Contact Us" or "Whatsapp" buttons on the homepage of our website, or you can get information/offer from our sales unit by phone.

How Does Overhead Crane Work?

The overhead traveling crane moves forward, backward, right, left, up and down, on the rails on which it is placed with the command of the operator, in 3 axes and 6 directions. In terms of technical features, it has a single and double rail operating system.

While the monorail system enables small loads to be moved on a single rail, it includes components that facilitate the transport of loads such as crane motor, hook block, sub-assemblies and groupings, bridge load. While the electronic system activates the machine, the remote control is used to direct the load.

If a cabin is preferred in overhead cranes, the crane can be controlled with the help of the arms inside the cabin, as well as with wired control or wireless remote control controls.

In overhead cranes, loads are lifted with steel ropes. The load carrying capacities of the ropes vary according to the rope diameters and the construction characteristics of the ropes. While the rollers used in the crane enable the load to change direction, the hook blocks are used as a load lifting device.

The part where the load is attached to the hanger is called the sling. The load carrying capacity of the sling varies with the knotting pattern and the angle of the arm, and the angle of the sling also changes with the knotting method, such as single and double. Cross bars, clamps, suspension rings, etc. The correct and synchronized use of fasteners ensures safe delivery of the load to the destination.

Overhead Crane (Ceiling Crane) Transfer

After the overhead crane (ceiling crane) production stages are completed, the truck that will carry out the transfer is loaded. Loads exceeding 12 meters in length and 2.5 meters in width are transported by trucks with an extended trailer and/or lowbed type vehicles with a special road permit. It is lowered with the help of mobile cranes and hiyap cranes in the facility to be used.

Aşan Vinc's expert technical team places the overhead crane on the rails of the crane in the hall where it will be used. During this process, OHS measures are followed in detail by Aşan Crane and customer officials.

Overhead Crane (Ceiling Crane) Operating Instructions

  1. When using the cranes, it is checked whether there is anyone above. If the field of view is Restricted, work with an observer.
  2. A) Rope strength is checked. B) Loading above the capacity should not be done. C) Check the hook connection with the rope (work should be done with the deformed rope). D) It is checked whether the rope fits on the drum bearings. E) load 5-10cm. It is kept by removing it. It is monitored whether the brakes hold or not.
  3. By running the crane idling, it is monitored for normal operation.
  4. While pressing the lift button, the lower button should not be pressed.
  5. While the cat is pressing the right button, the left button should not be pressed.
  6. While the bridge is moving forward, the reverse button should not be pressed.
  7. Crane hook; Care should be taken to ensure that the load to be lifted is exactly in the middle.
  8. After opening and using the emergency stop button (red button),it should be pressed and closed when finished.
  9. The cranes must not be knocked against each other. Care should be taken that the Lifting Pulley does not hit its own drum while lifting the material with the crane (it will be visually checked)
  10. In case of any malfunction, the operator should never intervene. It is immediately reported to the Electricity or maintenance group.
  11. Loads should be lifted and lowered vertically. Loads should not be lifted by towing.
  12. It should be checked that the load to be lifted by the crane is completely free.
  13. While the load is being lifted or lowered, it must be ensured that no one is under it.
  14. People should not be transported by crane. No other persons should be allowed to enter the work area.
  15. Maximum care and attention should be paid to the balanced lifting of the loads, necessary precautions should be taken to prevent the slings from slipping off the hook (work should not be done without a safety catch on the hook).
  16. Loads that cannot be lifted with a sling must be lifted with the help of special baskets or special hooks.
  17. The crane should not be moved without the instruction and sign of the person responsible for the transport, assembly and disassembly carried out with the crane vehicle.
  18. Loads of unknown weight should not be loaded or lifted.
  19. During the lifting of the load, it should be checked that the lifting hook will move vertically in all directions, and excessive movement to the sides should not be allowed.
  20. A) The crane must not be left while the load is hanging on the hook. B) The lifted load should not be suspended for a long time.
  21. In windy weather, work should not be done if the wind speed is more than 30 km/h.
  22. Personal protective equipment (hard hat, gloves, boots, steel-toed shoes, overalls, etc.) should be used in all work.
  23. While working with the crane, the light signal and warning sound system must be in working condition.
  24. No one except the operator should operate the crane.
  25. It should be noted that the periodical maintenance and control works are carried out within the time limit.
  26. It should be ensured that the rope is in oily condition in dust-free environments.
  27. In the event of a crane malfunction, those who will repair or maintain it should get a hot permit, read the instructions for working at height, and take all the necessary precautions in these instructions.
  28. The protective equipment of the machines should never be removed.
  29. In any emergency, the nearest supervisor should be notified.

Professional, powerful and reliable industrial cranes, equipments are our core expertise.

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